Getting started with WP-CLI using XAMPP

WP-CLI is a command line interface that enables users to manage their WordPress websites from the command prompt, speeding up their development process. Using WP-CLI, a web admin can set up new websites, upgrade, back up, even create new posts and pages.

In this post I am going to demonstrate how to get started with WP-CLI if you work on Windows, using XAMPP on your computer, as WP-CLI can be installed on any UNIX-like enviroment.

How to get WP-CLI going

I am going to assume we have already XAMPP up and running on our local machine, so we can get going with WP-CLI.

In order to install WP-CLI on XAMPP, we have to download wp-cli.phar and save it in the /php directive of our XAMPP installation. We then move to the /php folder and create a wrapping batch script that will create wp.cmd in the folder:

echo @php "%~dp0wp-cli.phar" %* > wp.cmd

We have now created wp.cmd in our php folder

We can confirm that we have successfuly installed WP-CLI, by typing

wp --info

wp –info shows us the status of our system

anywhere in our system.

Use WP-CLI to install WordPress

First we create a new directory in /htdocs named wpcli and then we move to the directory with the command

cd c:\xampp\htdocs\wpcli

and use the

wp core download

command to download WordPress:

WordPress is downloaded and ready for installation

After the success message, we can go to our new WordPress website: http://localhost/wpcli/wp-admin

Of course, we are greeted with the famous WordPress installation process, so we now have to create the database. We can use phpMyAdmin to do so and afterwards, we can set up the wp-config.php with the database credentials like this:

wp core config --dbname=database_name --dbuser=database_user --dbpass=user_password --dbhost=localhost --dbprefix=wp_

If we are greeted with the following message:

‘mysql’ is not recognized as an internal or external command, operable program or batch file.

we have to add MySQL to the enviroment variables of our local machine and open a new command window. Afterwards, the command line will look like this:

wp-config.php is created and we are now ready for the WordPress initialization

After the wp-config.php is created with the correct credentials, we finally get to run the WordPress installation script, along with basic information of the website and its administrator.

wp core install --url=localhost/wpcli --title=localhost/wpcli --admin_user=admin --admin_password=Strong_password --admin_email=example@example.com

Our website is ready!

We can now go to localhost/wpcli and see our beautiful empty WordPress site.

Available WP-CLI Commands

Of course this is the tip of the iceberg as far as WP-CLI goes.

In order to list all the commands available with WP-CLI, we can type the following command:

wp help

In conclusion, this is how we can set up WP-CLI in our local machine using XAMPP. In a later post we are going to see more uses of the WP-CLI like backups, post creation, etc.

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